Different global regions and countries will experience different climatic hazards. This is because climatic hazards are the physical manifestation of climatic variability or change linked to the geographic reality of a region, e.g.: eroding shorelines and flooding extent, or high temperatures and drought conditions. Our level of exposure to a climate hazard determines the level of risk.
Ireland’s geographical features and prevailing climate mean that the key climatic hazards of concern are:
- Coastal erosion: rising sea levels will put Ireland's soft coastlines at increased risk form coastal erosion.
- Inland flooding: changes in patterns of precipitation will increase flood risk & will put new areas at risk.
- Coastal flooding: sea level rise will put coastal areas at increased risk of flooding.
- Water scarcity: increased temperatures and decreased summer rainfall may result in increased drought risk.